Classical Greece Bibliography

700 BC to 300 BC

copyright 1997 by Historical Novelists Center


"The inescapable truth is that a large portion of such evidence as we have [about the ancients] is disconnected, late, uncritical, relentlessly anecdotal, or usually all four at once. It is in the face of these odds that our use of such evidence is understandably, if amiably, capricious." Stephen L. Glass

These are all modern authors. The list of ancient period authors for this time have been separated, as we feel that the newbie needs to be told who these people are and when they were writing, in detail. See the link at the end of this bibliography.

Anderson, John Kinloch

Ancient Greek Horsemanship ****
University of California Press, Berkeley, 1961
Includes his translation of Xenophon's treatise on equitation, the opinions of others, and the analysis from art. This would be a much smaller book if he stuck to the Greek sphere, but he goes far afield into Egypt, Assyria, and the later Roman empire. T3

Blundell, Sue

Women in Ancient Greece ***

Boucher, Francois

Twenty Thousand Years of Fashion; the History of Costume and Personal Adornment **
Harry N. Abrams, 1966; 440 pg, index, glossary
Weak in this period. Confusing descriptions, and better examples could have been chosen from extant art. T1

Bourliere, Francois

The Land and Wildlife of Eurasia YY
Time-Life Books, NY, 1964, 2nd ed. 1974; 198 pg, index, bibliography
Describes changes in climate, the spread or limitation of animals and plants, so that you don't have rabbits in ancient Greece (hares only: rabbits are still limited to southern Spain), or miss the fact that the whole Eastern Mediterranean was much greener before the Roman Empire encouraged agri-business and deforestation. T3

Brockett, Oscar G.

History of the Theatre ****
Allyn and Bacon, Inc., 1977
Good university-level text on the origins of theatre, staging conventions, acting styles, audience behavior, etc. T2

Brooke, Iris

Costume in Greek Classic Drama ****
Greenwood Press, 1973, orig. 1962
Covers all the parts, and how to construct, which you need to know so your characters will get dressed and undressed properly. T2

Buehr, Walter

Warrior's Weapons ***
Crowell, NY, 1963; illustrated by author
Good on early and non-ferrous metallurgy, including forges and smelting. Simply, pleasantly written. T2

Bulfinch, Thomas

Bulfinch's Mythology *
An overly nice Victorian American reference, if you are unfamiliar or need a refresher. Often quotes later poets, part of his program of showing these myths as continuing parts of our culture. Uses the Latin names, which you should shed as soon as possible. Good for the likes of the Iliad and Odyssey, but these stories often derive from Roman sources, and are not the basis of Greek religion. Can be very misleading, if you think the Greeks had such a "cute" attitude towards their relilgion. Suggest you read Graves or Hesiod instead.

Carpenter, Rhys, Edith Hamilton, William Hayes, et al

Everyday Life in Ancient Times; Highlights of the Beginnings of Western Civilization in Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and Rome **
National Geographic Society, NY, 1964; 368 pg, index
Edith Hamilton is Athenophilic to the point of silliness, such as claiming the (Athenian-style) Greeks were the only ancient people to have athletic pursuits. In this same book, the Egyptian and Mesopotamian sections show wrestling as sport, including something as playful as wrestling with a pot of water on your head. Only good for the Ionian/Attikaean culture. T3

Cartledge, Paul

Sparta and Lakonia: a Regional History, 1200-362 BC X
Routledge & Kegan Paul, London & Boston, 1979
Books typeset on a typewriter are a warning that you are approaching scholarly specialist papers. Good political history, lots of archeological site discussion, but the use of this much information could have been much better. Cartledge is more interested in arguing points of disagreement for the benefit of a reader who has read those other eight books than informing the newbie, so he does not give anything like a "picture" of the area. He is excessively pedantic, never using a common word like "newborn" when he can use obscure jargon like "neonate" instead. Maps are very limited. He pays irregular attention to the passage of time, such as applying Lakonian habits of 100 CE to Lakedaemonians hundreds of years earlier, while fussing over potsherd dating, and listing, as if eternal, modern climate and rainfall when there have been several big ups and downs in the last 2000 years alone -- but then covers the extension of the lower Eurotas land! Difficult even as a reference late in your research. T4

Casson, Lionel

The Ancient Mariners: Seafarers and Sea Fighters of the Mediterranean in Ancient Times****
Princeton University Press, 2nd ed. 1991; paperback, 246 pp, index, table of dates
Lots of period art, some of reconstructed galleys. Very up to the minute, with considerable detail, yet somehow thin. For all that you really should read Adm. Rodgers.
Ships and Seafaring in Ancient Times ****
University of Texas Press; 1994; Paperback, 1st ed., 160pp.
Covers the development of early boats into ships. Strong on evidence of the spade and the new work with full-size replicas. T2
Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World*****!
Johns Hopkins University Press; 1995; Paperback, 470pp.
Covers speculation on the earliest rafts and boats, then moves into archaeology and historical research to cover Egypt and Mesopotamia through later antiquity. Covers war vessels and merchant ships, construction, rigging, crewing, small craft, harbors, sailing seasons and winds, sailing and rowing speeds, even names and markings. Deep but superb. T3
Travel in the Ancient World*****!
Johns Hopkins University Press; 1994; Paperback, 408pp.; index
Covers all means of travel for adventure as well as trade. Just about the only book focused on this aspect of ancient life. However, he subscribes to Lefebre des Noettes' obsolete notions of the horse in the ancient world, making his remarks on hoofed land travel sometimes unbelievable. See Spruytte, Early Harness Systems, below. T1

Cumont, Franz

Astrology and Religion Among the Greeks and Romans *****!
Dover Publications, Inc., NY
So many writers seem to have an emotional stake in showing the Greeks as the enlightened, Vulcanoid proponents of science and logic that they entirely miss how oriented to magic, prophets, amulets, bribing the Gods, and sheer superstition most of the Greek people were. Especially, they miss detailing it for you. This book fills in a big hole. T2

Delbrück, Hans

Warfare in Antiquity ****
v. 1 of History of the Art of War, trans. by J. Renfroe, Jr.; University of Nebraska Press; 1975 trans of 1920 rev.
Opens with the Persian War, as the first that can be discussed sensibly. Points out what parts of Herodotos must be legendry: if the Persians had nearly two million men in their army, the first companies would have reached Thermopylae while the last ones were still in sight of Susa. How could the ancient world feed them? Excellent detail on the development of warfare and tactics, including how to beat phalanxes. Find out what the trick of Salamis really was! T2

Demand, N.

Birth, Death, and Motherhood in Ancient Greece *****!
Once again, Greece is really just Athens, but its coverage of the centers of female life are invaluable. T2

Durant, Will

The Life of Greece ***
Simon and Schuster, now from MJF Books, rev. 1948; 898 pg, index, bibliography
Based on the discussion of philosophy's development, and its cultural setting, Durant is naturally extremely Athenocentric. Gives an excellent grounding in events and culture as commonly conceived, but owes rather too much to the Victorians and too little to the spade. A nice basis, but less than authoritative nowadays. Really only good for Attika and the Hellenists, or a book about philosophers. T3
Alt. Opinion: Chapter on Sparta full of mythconstructions, based on late sources recounting Texas tales (exaggerated folk witticisms) about the level of depersonalization in old Sparta. Durant did not bother to read Xenophon or Aristotle on the subject, only Athenaeus and some muddled moderns. Makes me suspect anything except the description of philosophies in the whole thing.

Fitzhardinge, L. F.

The Spartans *
Thames and Hudson, 1980
Primarily on the arts, the last section on the poets is good, but one mistake makes me doubt the surety of the art attributions. A bronze from Dodona is described as a Spartan feaster, but he has a moustache and beard, and a chignon of curls that barely covers his nape. This is not a shaved-upper-lip, loose-tresses-to-the-elbow Spartan, but some Persian or Syrian. T2

Gardiner, Robert (Editor)

The Earliest Ships: The Evolution of Boats into Ships ****
Naval Institute Press; 1996; Hardcover, 143pp.; index, glossary
The temporally earliest volume of Conway's History of the Ship. Like the others, picture-rich, but a collection of articles by different hands sometimes leaves holes. It also has some things others don't. Covers the ancient Mediterranean, the early Central European, early NW European, Norse, and "Oriental" (Arabic and Chinese) traditions. Especially enjoy "Problems of Reconstruction and the Estimation of Performance." Note that everything is covered in less than 130 pages. T1

Graves, Robert

The Greek Myths ****
Penguin Classics, NY, 1958
A compilation of ALL available versions of each myth, not just the neatest or most dramatic. Warnings as to which stories are merely theatrical, and probably not true myths at all. Promulgates the theory that the earliest Greeks came out of the Mideast and had a gynocratic, regicidal religion which survived in corrupt form in the later, recorded myths. Explores at length the symbolism of events and names. Whether or not you like his interpretations, he gives the most thorough collection. T1

Hale, William Harlan, and the editors of Horizon Magazine

Horizon Cookbook and Illustrated History of Eating and Drinking through the Ages ****
American Heritage Publishing, Inc., 1968
Part One has the description of customs and habits, foods available, and some interesting art. Part Two has the tastiest recipes, done for the modern kitchen. Especially hits this period in Part One. T1

Hogg, Ian V.

The History of Fortification ***
St. Martin's Press, NY, 1981
Clear, interesting and accurate overview from 7000 BC through the 1970's, well illustrated with photos and diagrams; bibliography and glossary. T1

Hope, Thomas

Costumes of the Greeks & Romans *****!
19th C.; 300 pg, 700 illus.
Line drawings from period art of the rich and the poor, military and civilian, and quite a bit of household goods. T2

Hourani, George Fadlo & John Carswell

Arab Seafaring*****!
Princeton University Press; 1995 Expanded ed; Paperback, 1st ed., 140pp.; Bibliography, index
Focuses on Arab (not necessarily Muslim) seafaring in the Indian Ocean, not the Mediterranean, but much of the information crosses over, and one section is specifically Mediterranean, just as it also covers the African and Chinese trade. Runs from the Classial period BC through the tenth century CE. The section on the ships themselves covers the development of stitched planking and the fore-n-aft lateen rig to replace square sails. Lots of wonderful detail on ports and day-to-day life, besides shipwrecks, for the novelist to acquire. T2

Ingraham, Holly

People's Names: A Cross-Cultural Reference Guide to the Proper Use of over 40,000 Personal and Familial Names in over 100 Cultures *****!
McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers, Jefferson, NC; 1997; 613 pgs, index, select annotated bibliography
Besides the whole Hellenic section, the Historical half has all your necessary foreigners: Egyptians, Phoenicians, Persians, Medes, Etruscans, etc. T1

Kazantzakis, Nikos

Journey to the Morea YY
Simon and Schuster, NY, 1965; trans. F. A. Reed; photos, Alexander Artemakis
These sort of books can give you an idea of the landscape, just remember to depopulate and green it. T3

Kelly, Thomas

A History of Argos to 500 BC *****!
This book should be read by everybody venturing into this period, whether or not you were going anywhere near Argos or this period. Kelly discusses and therefore makes you aware of certain questionable points, like whether certain famous people ever existed, and if so, in which century. Classical studies are shakier than many would like you to believe. This is an excellent skepticism pill. T1

Keuls, Eva C.

The Reign of the Phallus: Sexual Politics in Ancient Athens ****
Harper & Row, NY, 1985
Explores this extreme of male chauvinism (a.k.a. phallicism) from an objective egalitarian viewpoint, rather than being immersed in Athenophilia and Victorian attitudes towards women like most Classicists (including many female ones). T2

Kleinbaum, Abby Wettan

The War Against the Amazons ****
New Press, 1983
Explores the theme of the Amazonomachy in Greek expression, and its background in experience. T2

Klepper, Erhard

Costume in Antiquity: 480 Illustrations
C. N. Potter, 1964
To 500 CE in the Eastern Mediterranean. T2

Kohler, Carl

A History of Costume ****
1930; New York, G. Howard Watt
Hand-sized, info-packed, based on surviving clothes first and artwork secondarily. Author's line drawings of construction and detail. Neophytes should use with a picture book, which it will greatly clarify. T2

Krentz, Peter

The Thirty at Athens
Cornell Press, 1982
A detail exploration of the reign of the Thirty Tyrants (a junta) 404 to 403 BC. T3

Lefkowitz, Mary R. and Maureen B. Fant

Women's Life in Greece and Rome: A Source Book in Translation *****!
Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore, 1992
All the exerpts they could find in ancient literature to do with women: marriage contracts, economic documents, mentions in trial oratory, histories and legends, translated from the Greek and Latin. This is the raw material from which others' views of the period are built. T3

Levi, Peter

The Greek World *****!
orig London, 1986; has been through several American publishers, but now from Facts on File (quick, look, has it changed?)
Contains the first mention I ever read (in 1996) of human sacrifice by the Athenians in historical times -- right before Salamis, as no-one else ever mentions. After all, Athenians were always perfect Victorian gentlemen! Lovely pictures of artifacts and ruins, excellent plans. Maps excellent but not superb. Colours in coding often so close that you need good daylight or artist's colour-corrected lamps to distinguish them. T1

Licht, H.

Sexual Life in Ancient Greece ****
Barnes & Noble, NY
This has been a hot subject ever since Foucault started the big academic buzz, but this is approachable by the ordinary writer. In some 600 pages, all the variants are discussed. You have to settle your character's objects of attraction as well as marital limitations pretty early in most plots. T1

Litchfield, Frederick

Illustrated History of Furniture from the Earliest to the Present Time ****
1903; London: Truslove & Hanson Limited; New York:; illustrated by John Lane 1892-1903.
A good basic reference, based on art in early ages. You normally don't have to detail furniture, just know if they had easily movable chairs and tables -- which the period did. Eurocentric, Anglocentric. T1

Majno, Guido, MD

The Healing Hand: Man and Wound in the Ancient World *****!
Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA, 1975
Heavy research and testing, too, to see how well period practices actually worked. Fascinating reading. Among others, covers classic medicine of the Ancient Near East and Egypt, and Hippocrates of Greece. T1

Macdonald, Fiona

How Would You Survive as an Ancient Greek? X
F. Watts, 1995
A cute novelty for the juvenile market, now a CD-ROM game. If this is the highest level of research you can handle, you are out of your depth here: the ancient Greeks are too different from us, but too often misrepresented as lots like us, so that they require deep research. Try the Middle Ages, which can be played much closer to our culture.

Mayor, Adrienne 

Greek Fire, Poison Arrows & Scorpion Bombs: Biological and Chemical Warfare in the Ancient World****
Overlook Hardcover, 2003
Traces the earliest chemical warfare from the legends of poisoned arrows of Herakles forward. Notable for described how people die of the poisons in gruesome detail -- just what we need! T2

McEvedy, Colin

The Penguin Atlas of Ancient History ***
Penguin Books, 1967; 96 pg, index
A handy, small book, showing who rules what when, in the stretch from Persia to the Atlantic, from prehistory to about 300 CE. Shows the oft-ignored Greek realms of Pontus and central Asia farther east. T1

Newark, Tim

Women Warlords: An Illustrated Military History of Female Warriors ***
Blandford, NY, 1989; index; Angus McBride, illustrator
Primarily useful here on Artemisia I of Halikarnassus and on the Sauromatian/Sarmatian/Scythian Amazons north of the Euxine, who enter into the legends of Alexander the Great, as well as Theseus and Herakles. T2

Osprey Military Books

The worst book out by Osprey still gets three stars. The best are five stars and a bang. These are each a dense, military monograph on weapons, tactics, strategy, and history, with some little cultural background. Rarely at libraries, you will usually find these where military miniatures are sold. T2

  • The Ancient Greeks; #7 Elite Series
  • Greek & Persian Wars 500-323 BC; #69 Men-at-Arms Series

Rodgers, William Ledyard, V.Adm, USN ret.

Greek and Roman Naval Warfare, A Study of Strategy, Tactics, and Ship Design from Salamis (480 BC) to Actium (31 BC) *****!
1937, 1964; now from Naval Institute Press, Annapolis, MD; 555 pg (thick; there are 618 pg books notably smaller), index, Authorities Consulted at the end of each chapter.
Brilliant reconstructions of the ships, based on explicit engineering data, which he is used to finding "in any handbook," the like of which we have not been able to find, on use of human strength. His experience with rowed cutters, rather than power launches, is also valuable. See especially the Appendix to Chapter II, on how the three levels of the trireme/triere were really used at sea, likening the "simultaneous stroke" of all three levels to the goosestep of Prussian troops: parade use only. T3

Salmonson, Jessica Amanda

The Encyclopedia of Amazons: Women Warriors from Antiquity to the Modern Era *****!
Paragon House, NY, 1991; 290 pg, no index, bibliography
Warrior queens like Artemisia of Halikarnassus, whose son had to wait for her death to rule, and the female athletes add to the legends of the Amazons. Gives a corrective view of Greek religion to counteract the cute stories of Bulfinch and his Latin sources. Good bibliography, but has gotten the bizarre idea from the Classicists that the Peloponnesian Dorians were highly homosexual (quite the opposite), rather than a proper attribution of approved paederasty to the Boeotians and Attikeans. T2

Smith, William, Sir, 1813 1893

A Smaller History of Greece; from the Earliest Times to the Roman Conquest ***
Older, but it will get you nicely grounded, for free, at home. T1

Spruytte, J.

Early Harness Systems *****!
J. A. Allen, London, 1977; translated by Mary Littauer
Spruytte has built and driven chariots accurately based on the known artwork. Completely explodes the earlier nonsense about the horse-throttling "ancient traction system" invented by Lefebvre des Noettes and based on no actual system. Perfectly understandable to the layman. T1

Stierlin, Henri, ed.

Architecture of the World: Greece ****
Taschen, 192 pg
Approachable without being lightweight. T1

Stone, Merlin

When God Was a Woman **** British title: The Paradise Papers
1976; 265 pgs, index, bibliography, date chart
While discussing the development of patriarchalism and patrilineal social control of women, by reconstructing the Goddess worship that went before and continued alongside these later religions, Stone gives a unique insight into life and thought of the people to whom the world had a female Creator, Lady of All, Queen of the Universe. Note that while many state cults were centered on Zeus or Apollo, Athene was the patron of both Athens and Sparta, Hera of Argos, and to many individual Greeks like Pausanias or Homer, the Goddess remained the chief Deity. T3

Time-Life Books, the editors of

TimeFrame 600-400 BC: A Soaring Spirit ***
Time-Life Books, Alexandria, Virginia, 1987
Very pictorial, good text. The air-brushed reconstructions are sometimes too in love with vast plain surfaces rather than trying to give us maximum pictorial information, and the maps, while they cover the ground, are strictly minimalist. Strictly Old World; guess the New World was on vacation. Does go nicely into the major battles of the many Greek wars. T1

Wannington, B. H.

Carthage: A History
Barnes & Noble
A more contemporary approach using archeological data on the Carthaginian empire would be appreciated. This owes much to Roman and Hebrew authors, who were absolutely hostile to the Carthaginians, as were the Greeks, who fought them so continually over Sicily. T2, if you are dealing with the western Mediterranean. If staying in Greece, don't bother.

Warry, John

Warfare in the Classical World ****
Salamander Books, London, 1980
Excellent coverage of naval as well as land forces, including very recent reconstructions of pentekonters, triremes, etc. Covers the enemy troops, as well as the Greeks and Romans. Good to develop your mental framework before plunging into Delbrueck or Rogers. T2

Worley, Leslie J.

Hippeis, the Cavalry of Ancient Greece *****!
Boulder/SF/Oxford, Westview Press, 1994
Starts in the Mykenaean period, which is normally considered chariots only. Very good collection of the rare art documents. Extreme detail on every battle or campaign where cavalry was used decisively, showing the progress up to the Macedonian "Campanian Cavalry" (s/b Companion Cavalry, from hetaroi; a spellchecker needs to be shot for this constant mispelling). T2


Yes, at long last, some pre-Christian stuff done on period instruments (re-created) in a folk style rather than BC lists of notes in 19th C style. In some cases we recommend as cheapest going right to the music publisher.

De Organographia:

Music of the Ancient Sumerians, Egyptians and Greeks ****
"Philip Neuman, Gayle Stuwe Neuman combine astute musicology, performance practice and instrument crafting in the realization of this amazing collection of music from 1950 BC to 300 AD. From the world's oldest notated music, vocal renderings are accompanied with performed lyres, kithara, pandoura, double reed pipes, flutes and other ancient instruments." We mark it down one in this period because the time span is so great. Programming out the Mesopotamian cuts, you get two early Greek harp pieces and a bunch of early CE cuts (AD should always precede the date not follow it--sic, sic, sic--though why they use the old style is a puzzlement).
1. Musical Excerpts....Anon. (2nd c. AD)
2. Lament...Anon. (2nd or 3rd c. AD)
3. Fragment 1...Anon. (2nd c. AD)
4. Paean...Anon. (3rd or 4th c. AD)
5. Trochaic fragment....Anon. (3rd c. AD)
6. Four settings of a line from "Epitrepontes" by Menander...Anon.(3rd c.AD)
7. Excerpts mentioning Eros and Aphrodite...Anon. (2nd or 3rd c. AD)
8. Musical excerpt...Anon. (3rd c. AD)
9. Hypolydian excerpt...Anon. (2nd or 3rd c. AD)
10. Fragment 3...Anon. (3rd c. AD)
11. A zaluzi to the gods...Anon. (c. 1225 BC)
12. Hurrian Hymns 19 and 23...Anon. (c.1225 BC)
13. Hurrian Hymns 13 and 12...Urhiya/Anon. (c. 1225 BC)
14. Hurrian Hymn 2...Anon. (c. 1225 BC)
15. Hurrian Hymn 8...Urhiya (c. 1225 BC)
16. Hurrian Hymn 5...Puhiya(na) (c. 1225 BC)
17. Hurrian Hymns 4, 21 and 22... Anon. (c. 1225 BC)
18. Hurrian Hymns 7 and 10...Anon. (c. 1225 BC)
19. Hurrian Hymns 16 and 30...Anon. (c.1225 BC)
20. Musical Instructions for "Lipit-Ishtar, King of Justice" (c. 1950 BC)
21. Trumpet call...Anon./Plutarch
22. Isis sistrum rhythm...Anon./Apuleius
23. Harp piece (A)...Anon. (7th or 6th c. BC)
24. Harp piece (B)...Anon. (7th or 6th c. BC)

Music of the Ancient Greeks *****!

Six genuinely BC cuts in amongst the early CE ones, many from the Oxyrhynchus papyri.

1.Salpinx call.....the "Sappho Painter" (5th c. BC)
2. Hymn to the Sun....Mesomedes (2nd c. AD)
3. Dramatic speech...Anonymous (c. 100 AD)
4. Song.......Seikilos (1st c. AD)
5. Invocation of the Muse....Anon. (2nd c. AD)
6. Invocation of Calliope and Apollo...Mesomedes (2nd c. AD)
7. Delphic Paean.....Athenaeus (127 BC)
8. Dramatic fragment....Anon. (3rd c. AD)
9. Dramatic fragment....Anon. (3rd c. AD)
10. Dramatic fragment...Anon. (c. 200 BC)
11. Choral Ode from "Orestes"....Euripides (c. 408 BC)
12. Choral Ode from "Iphigeneia at Aulis" ..Euripides (c.404 BC)
13. Piece from a Satyr play...Anon. (2nd c. AD)
14. Instrumental piece....Anon. (2nd c. AD)
15. Dramatic lament.....Anon. (late 2nd c. AD)
16. Piece mentioning Erinyes....Anon. (2nd c. AD)
17. Christian Hymn...Anon. (3rd c. AD)
18. Dramatic recitative...Anon. (c. 100 AD)
19. Instrumental exercises....Anon. (2nd c. AD)
20. Hymn to Nemesis....Mesomedes (2nd c. AD)
21. Tragic dialogue on Orestes....Anon., (2nd c. AD)
22. Instrumental piece....Anon. (2nd c. AD)
23. Paean....Anon. (late 2nd c. AD)
24. Paean and Processional...Limenius (127 BC)


Ancient World Web *****!

Superb linksite, which it would be silly to try and duplicate here. Especially fine for including Asian, American, and African sections, not just Europe and the Near East.

  • Leave for the Ancient World Web


The Asclepion ****

A very attractive site for a course based on Majno's book above. Good comments on ancient medicine from a less scientistic viewpoint, and references to sources. Includes some source documents, like "Hippocrates" on the "Illness of Maidens" which proves the writer never knew a maiden to reach puberty. T1


Diotima: Women & Gender in the Ancient World *****!

A guide to other web sources, also includes bibliographies and monographs of interest. The other half of the species is too often treated "like normal" (for us) or merely as "comfort women," in novels. Yet as the changing front page story here shows, it is not so simple if you are accurate..


Official and Original Project Gutenberg Web Site and HomePage*****!

"Fine Literature Digitally Republished. Since 1971 putting classic books into electronic form." You can download all the major classics for free, each as a single big text file. MUCH better than Perseus. Burn your own reference CD-R.

H-GIG Historical Times & Places ***

A thorough-going linksite maintained by the University of California at Riverside, H-GIG sorts by area, by era (ancient<yours>, Medieval, early Modern, Modern, and 20th C), or by topic (military, women, etc.). It's a good place to start a hunt for books and essays online.

  • Leave for H-GIG


The History of Costume ***

125 pages of images from the book "History of Costume" printed in 1861 in Munich. The 500 figures cover "historical dress from antiquity to the end of the 19th century." Victorianized drawings, but it's T1


The Internet Classics Archive: English Language Translations of Classical Texts Online *****!

MIT Classics department compiles the Perseus Project and other sources. Includes Hippocrates, Homer, Xenophon, and a lot of others. Each work (play, essay, epic) loads as a single page, making it easy to Search for specific words, and has a Download option. Very large works are available as one page or three, to cut time. Get the "unlimited time for $20" deal from a direct web service with a local access number for you, and you can consider this site part of your home library that doesn't have to be dusted. This is what we all hoped the Internet would be!


Online Medieval & Classical Library ****

Exceedingly large index page takes a long time to load, so you can guess how many entries it has! This is one of those online libraries, with texts in translation, not just a linksite.

To Ancient Sources

(which often discuss earlier periods)

To Essay on Problems with Classicist Research

To Bibliography of Middle-Tech Skills

To Ancient Egypt Bibliography

To Ancient Mesopotamia Bibliography

To Central Eurasian Bibliography

Classical Rome and Hellenistic Mediterranean Bibliography

(if you were wondering where Alexander the Great was)

To Maps of the Classical World

Back to Times and Places: Classical Greece